The Tamil Chola dynasty ruled in southern India and is considered one of the longest-ruling dynasties in history. The Cholas left behind a legacy that includes Tamil literature and the great living Chola Temples.
They established a disciplined bureaucracy and pioneered a centralised form of government. The Chola school of art spread throughout Southeast Asia, influencing architecture and art.
In addition to their achievements in governance and art, the Cholas also amassed a vast collection of treasures during their reign. This collection, known as the "Chola Collection," includes artifacts made of gold, silver, copper, bronze, and other precious materials. These objects were used for various purposes, such as religious rituals, military campaigns, and personal adornment.
One of the most notable objects in the Chola Collection is the Nataraja statue, which depicts the Hindu god Shiva in his cosmic dance form. This iconic sculpture is made of bronze and is considered a masterpiece of Indian art. It was likely commissioned by the Chola ruler Raja Raja I in the 11th century and is now housed in the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu.
Today, many of the objects in the Chola Collection can be seen in museums throughout India and the world. These treasures serve as a testament to the artistic and cultural achievements of the Chola dynasty and continue to inspire scholars and art lovers alike.